Arthrosis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Arthrosis Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Prevention

Arthrosis is a disease that affects the joints. First, the disease affects the articular cartilage, and then becomes chronic and spreads to the nerves, ligaments, muscles and bone.

Symptoms of the disease

The disease does not develop at lightning speed: at first, a person may notice a characteristic crunch in the joints when walking, movements of the spine, shoulders. Stiffness in movements is gradually added to the symptoms of arthrosis, especially after a prolonged state of rest. As a rule, patients go to the doctor when pain becomes more intense at the moment of physical exertion.

Common signs of arthrosis:

Types and stages of the disease

According to localization, arthrosis can be ankle, elbow, shoulder, etc.

There are the following stages of the disease:

Preventive measures

Prevention of arthrosis is based on reducing the risk of injury. The main measures include:

Causes of arthrosis

Most often, the disease develops due to concomitant factors. The main causes of arthrosis are as follows:

Risk factors

Despite the fact that absolutely everyone can get arthrosis, there are categories of people who are especially susceptible to this ailment. These include:

Danger of disease

If arthrosis is not diagnosed and treated in time, the joint will become excessively deformed, which will also affect the bone next to it. As a result, a person will not be able to move without crutches. Often, a person qualifies for disability.

Diagnostics

If you notice signs of an illness, you should get an appointment with an orthopedist. The diagnosis is made taking into account the clinical manifestations and the X-ray image. In some cases, an additional MRI or CT scan may be required, it may be necessary to consult a rheumatologist.

Based on the general picture, the doctor will determine the stage and prescribe the appropriate treatment.

Treatment

The process of treatment is aimed at preventing further deformation of the joint and ensuring its adequate functioning. Therapy includes:

The terms of treatment depend on the stage of the disease, as well as the methods chosen by the orthopedist.

Frequently asked questions

Can arthrosis be cured at home?

If you do not get proper medical assistance, your condition can worsen. Arthrosis cannot be treated on its own.

Why is arthrosis dangerous?

If you do not get adequate therapy, the joint tissue will continue to deteriorate, which will subsequently lead to constant intense pain. Over time, it will be extremely difficult for a person to maintain the same level of mobility, which entails qualification for disability.

How to diagnose an ailment yourself?

Based on the symptomatology, you can suggest that you have this disease. The final diagnosis will be made by an orthopedist after an examination.

Category: Health Care

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